MARVELLOUS CITY OF TASHKENT
The capital of Uzbekistan, one of the oldest cities in Central Asia - Tashkent is a nice example of an unusual combination of the Soviet past, traditional Oriental culture and modernity. This metropolis with a population of more than 2.3 million people is located in the northeast of the country, in the plain of Chirchik River. The capital concentrates active economic, cultural and scientific life. There are also main transport hubs in the country: three airports, two railway stations, an extensive network of city shuttle subway.
Climatic conditions of the city are transitional from moderate continental zone to the subtropical intercontinental. It is characterized by mild winter, hot prolonged summer, transient spring and autumn with little rains.
Roots of development
Capital of Uzbekistan has a solid history that dates back more than two thousand years and begins from the II century BC. In XI century the settlement gained its modern name "Tashkent", which means "stone city". It can be noted that the city in fact was not made of stones. Its name most likely is referred to the courage of local residents who had to repel attacks of conquerors. At first, the settlement developed rapidly where mining and processing of metals, stones, textile trade helped significally. However, until the 18th century, numerous wars and plunders heavily damaged and delayed economic development and culture.
Tashkent State was founded in 18th century which joins Kokand Khanate in 1810. Soon the Khanate conforms the Russian Empire and Tashkent becomes a center of industry and trade in the region. The city has a large number of textile shops, woodworking, metalworking and pottery workshops. Tashkent was famous for its crowded and colorful bazaars.
Tashkent began to grow rapidly and Russian farmers arrived to Tashkent in 19th century where they had the best conditions for life and work. Many cultural and educational institutions, factories and shops were opened then. However, the colonial regime led to multiple strikes and rising which caused 3000 people trials at the court.
Tashkent in XX
In 1918, the city was declared to be the capital of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The Soviet regime ambiguously impacted on the development of Tashkent. As a result of collectivization and repressions the city lost many entrepreneurs, representatives of intellectuals, artistic and scientific figures. But despite this, hard work and patience of the people had greatly developed economy and brought improvement to the city as well as built three hydroelectric power stations.
In 1930 Tashkent became the capital of the Uzbek SSR. During the great patriotic war, half of the city enterprises worked on the needs of the front, a large numbers of refugees had arrived here and many plants and factories were built. At that time many popular people moved to the city, such as: Faina Ranevskaya, Anna Akhmatova, Korney Chukovsky. Tashkent had provided many soldiers. Meanwhile women in the city had organized a mass movement which helped local people adopt the orphans of the war.
April 26, 1966 - a powerful earthquake destroyed most of the city, many historical buildings were ruined. Within three years the city was rebuilt with the help of Soviet Union people.Many years later the republic had taken a new path of independence since I.A. Karimov headed the country. Uzbekistan had always had big economic opportunities, solid natural wealth and prominent scientific sources. Tashkent has given the world such famous scientists as: J. Turakulov, V.P.Sheglov, S.Yunusov, T.Sarymsakov, I.Muminov, U.Aripov, P.G.Gulyamov, A.Sadykov, M.Nabiyev.
Despite the ancient origins of the city, not many historical places are left in Tashkent. The old part of the town consists of a maze of narrow streets with wattle and daub buildings, mosques and mausoleums which remind of old ancient places. Skilled craftsmen and artisans live here as before. New Tashkent today represents a huge green city with many streets, parks, gardens and beautiful fountains. Majesty is wonderfully combined with an eastern flavor in the capital. At the same time the modern town has its own busy part with tall buildings sparkling in the Sun, offices of foreign companies, business centers, banks, boutiques and luxurious housing.
The famous "Chorsu" Bazaar can impress you wonderfully. You can buy everything in this market. Like a separate world it contains its own lives, many languages are spoken here, various goods are being sold here. Here one can find handicrafts, national costumes, local fruits, sweets and spices. Traditionally customers like to bargain about the goods and politely communicate with the traders.
Many tourists enjoy the architectural ensembles among which some can be highlighted: Kukeldash madrassah, Khazret Imam Ensemble, Sheihantaur and Zangi-Ata, Namazgokh, Djami mosque and others. These structures give the visitors a unique opportunity to touch the antiquity, feel the historical spirit of the city. Special attention should also be paid to the most interesting museums of Tashkent. The State Museum of Arts of Uzbekistan and the Museum of Applied Arts store over 57 thousand of amazing pieces. Museum of Victims of Repressions is a unique evidence of the ruthlessness of Stalin's times.
Chimgan, Charvak, Bel′desaraj are some of the most favorite places of rest. Charvak is a beautiful lake in the mountains covered with white snowcaps. One can find everything organized for recreation in the water, there is a large leisure complex, hotels with comfortable beach and water activities. The resorts Chimgan and Bel′desaraj are located in the highlands with modern hotels, helicopter pad and cable cars. At any time of the year it offers an extensive list of leisure activities: hiking and horseback riding, paragliding, helicopter tours, rafting, climbing and skiing.
The gastronomic life of Tashkent should be noticed too. There are various cafes and restaurants for everyone. You can find not only national, but also Central Asian, European, Russian, Chinese, Japanese cuisine. Food quality, unique interiors and service level corresponds to the status of the capital. The old town of the city serves the best local traditional foods. There are street cafes, small cafeterias where you can taste samsa, manty, lagman, kebab, shawarma, and other national dishes, as well as the famous Uzbek Pilaf!
Coordinates: 41°18'00"N 69°16'00"E
Area: 334,8 km ²
Population: 2,9 million of people , 73% Uzbeks, 18% Russians, 5% Tatars, 4% other nationalities
Time Zone: UTC+5
Zip Code: 100000
Country Code: (+998 71)
Automobile Code: 01 и 02
Internal Division: 11 districts